Chronic Disease Prevention

At its heart are a set of core competencies and the use of comprehensive lifestyle interventions to address underlying disease risks—thereby decreasing illness burden and improving clinical outcomes within value-based medicine. The influences of these groups has not yet extended across the whole country, but many scholars in many fields like nutrition, exercise, medicine, and psychology are becoming more interested and realize the necessity to gather their abilities to solve common medical problems in modern society.
Additionally, with the advent of technologies to assist in these types of laboratory measures in becoming mainstream, lifestyle medicine areas, including diet, physical activity, stress responses, and environmental factors, will begin to merge with the outcomes of these tests, resulting in clinicallyapplied personalized lifestyle medicine approaches to most favorably address a patient's condition.



It is vital that health professionals clearly communicate that there is no doubt about the basic constituents of a healthy lifestyle; including daily moderate Lifestyle medicine physical activity, avoidance of tobacco and chronic stress, a diet high in whole plant‐based foods and minimising consumption of meat and processed foods.

Egger et al. concluded that Lifestyle medicine forms a bridge with public health and health promotion, where the latter is defined as ‘the combination of educational and environmental supports for actions and conditions of living conducive to health'” 10 (The contents in single quotation mark is taken from Greene and Kreuter's material 13 ).
The competence and confidence to diagnose and change unhealthy behaviour is lacking 29 We must improve education and training in the treatment and prevention of lifestyle‐related diseases 30 There needs to be changes in attitudes and perspectives such that practitioners understand therapeutic lifestyle changes to be the most scientifically valid, clinically effective and achievable treatment possible for most common conditions (LRDs) 31 Practitioners need to be taught how to base even 5 to 10 min on lifestyle medicine principles 30 , while we work collectively to establish better delivery mechanisms that reflect the evidence demonstrating more contact time is more effective at producing meaningful lifestyle changes.

In 2009 the American College of Preventive Medicine hosted a blue ribbon panel meeting to establish core competencies in lifestyle medicine for primary care physicians (see table 1) 2. When patient care is approached from this foundation, it looks far different than what is being taught in typical medical school and residency curricula.
Foods and Food Components to Reduce.(i)Reduce daily sodium intake to less than 2,300 milligrams (mg) and further reduce intake to 1,500 mg among persons who are 51 and older and those of any age who are African American or have hypertension, diabetes, or chronic kidney disease.

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